# Scalable Benchmarks for Gate-Based Quantum Computers

@article{Cornelissen2021ScalableBF, title={Scalable Benchmarks for Gate-Based Quantum Computers}, author={Arjan Cornelissen and Johannes Bausch and Andr'as Gily'en}, journal={ArXiv}, year={2021}, volume={abs/2104.10698} }

In the near-term “NISQ”-era of noisy, intermediate-scale, quantum hardware and beyond, reliably determining the quality of quantum devices becomes increasingly important: users need to be able to compare them with one another, and make an estimate whether they are capable of performing a given task ahead of time. In this work, we develop and release an advanced quantum benchmarking framework in order to help assess the state of the art of current quantum devices. Our testing framework measures… Expand

#### Figures and Tables from this paper

#### 3 Citations

Application-Oriented Performance Benchmarks for Quantum Computing

- Physics
- 2021

Thomas Lubinski,1, 2 Sonika Johri,3 Paul Varosy,4 Jeremiah Coleman,5 Luning Zhao,3 Jason Necaise,6 Charles H. Baldwin,7 Karl Mayer,7 and Timothy Proctor8 (Quantum Economic Development Consortium… Expand

Practical Verification of Quantum Properties in Quantum Approximate Optimization Runs

- Physics
- 2021

M. Sohaib Alam,1, ∗ Filip A. Wudarski,2, 3, † Matthew J. Reagor,1, ‡ James Sud,2, 3 Shon Grabbe,2 Zhihui Wang,2, 3 Mark Hodson,1 P. Aaron Lott,2, 3 Eleanor G. Rieffel,2 and Davide Venturelli2, 3, §… Expand

A Quantum Hamiltonian Simulation Benchmark

- Physics
- 2021

Yulong Dong, K. Birgitta Whaley, and Lin Lin3,4,5∗ Berkeley Center for Quantum Information and Computation, Berkeley, California 94720 USA Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley,… Expand

#### References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES

Probing Context-Dependent Errors in Quantum Processors

- Computer Science, Physics
- Physical Review X
- 2019

A suite of simple, widely applicable, and statistically rigorous methods for detecting context dependence in quantum circuit experiments that may be integrated seamlessly into standard quantum device characterization techniques, like randomized benchmarking or tomography are demonstrated. Expand

Experimental comparison of two quantum computing architectures

- Computer Science, Physics
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2017

It is shown that quantum algorithms and circuits that use more connectivity clearly benefit from a better-connected system of qubits, and suggested that codesigning particular quantum applications with the hardware itself will be paramount in successfully using quantum computers in the future. Expand

Validating quantum computers using randomized model circuits

- Physics
- Physical Review A
- 2019

We introduce a single-number metric, quantum volume, that can be measured using a concrete protocol on near-term quantum computers of modest size ($n\ensuremath{\lesssim}50$), and measure it on… Expand

Quantum optimization using variational algorithms on near-term quantum devices

- Computer Science, Physics
- 2017

The quantum volume as a metric to compare the power of near-term quantum devices is discussed and simple error-mitigation schemes are introduced that could improve the accuracy of determining ground-state energies. Expand

Measuring the Capabilities of Quantum Computers

- Computer Science, Physics
- 2020

This work introduces techniques that can efficiently test the capabilities of any programmable quantum computer, and applies them to twelve processors to provide efficient, reliable, and scalable benchmarks that can be targeted to predict quantum computer performance on real-world problems. Expand

Quantum chemistry as a benchmark for near-term quantum computers

- Computer Science, Physics
- 2019

It is demonstrated that for specific benchmark settings and a selected range of problems, the accuracy metric can reach chemical accuracy when computing over the cloud on certain quantum computers. Expand

Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor

- Medicine, Computer Science
- Nature
- 2019

Quantum supremacy is demonstrated using a programmable superconducting processor known as Sycamore, taking approximately 200 seconds to sample one instance of a quantum circuit a million times, which would take a state-of-the-art supercomputer around ten thousand years to compute. Expand

Modeling and mitigation of realistic readout noise with applications to the Quantum Approximate Optimization Algorithm

- Computer Science
- 2021

This work introduces a correlated measurement noise model that can be efficiently described and characterized, and which admits effective noise-mitigation on the level of marginal probability distributions, and who finds that correlations in the measurement noise do not correspond to the physical layout of the device. Expand

Exponential Sensitivity and its Cost in Quantum Physics

- Computer Science, Physics
- Scientific reports
- 2016

It is proved that exponential sensitivity to initial states in any quantum system has to be related to downsizing the initial ensemble also exponentially, and the results show that magnifying initial differences of quantum states (a Schrödinger microscope) is possible; however, there is a strict bound on the number of copies needed. Expand

Quantum-state preparation with universal gate decompositions

- Physics
- 2011

In quantum computation every unitary operation can be decomposed into quantum circuits, a series of single qubit rotations and a single type entangling two-qubit gates, such as controlled-not(cnot)… Expand